One sector that is at the receiving end of this manic behavior is the IT sector. After two years of one-way run, stocks in this sector are getting brutally punished in the current downturn.
One wonders, what has happened to all those sound-bites about super-digitization cycle, secular cloud transformation etc. that drove valuations in this sector to stratospheric level in the last 2 years. Has anything materially changed or is it only a change of lens? Why is there a sudden rush among brokers to downgrade IT stocks? It started with JP Morgan and Nomura. Now, no brokerage wants to be left behind on this new downgrade rush. What explains this?
In our view, it is more of a valuation-reset than of any material change in growth projections or sector prospects. It is more of a narrative- following-price-action than the other way. As it always happens in the markets, price action leads and then the narrative follows. Ironically, though the brokerages have downgraded their target prices, none of them has downgraded their growth forecast for FY23. Even for FY24, they are less certain about the slowdown in tech spending. Downgrades are fast coming on fears of further price erosion.
So the next question to ask is, what triggered such a sharp price action in the IT index relative to the Sensex and Nifty? For that, one needs to look at what is happening to NASDAQ stocks, because they are the lead indicators for the sentiment in the tech space. Taking that argument, probably, the rout in NASDAQ stocks explains the deadly derating that we are witnessing in Indian IT stocks. It was common knowledge that the NASDAQ stocks were in a bubble zone and Fed action came as a much needed blow to prick it. As is to be expected, the meltdown in the NASDAQ had a massive rub-off effect on tech stocks globally. Indian IT stocks, which were way off in valuations from their historical averages, had to bear much of the brunt from NASDAQ effect. Even after this sharp correction, the valuation in this sector is still far off from their historical levels and is yet to come to a fair valuation level, especially in the midcap IT space.
Having said that, none of the medium to long-term drivers for growth in the IT space have gone away. Enterprises’ willingness to spend on digital and cloud transformation will continue to feed into above average earnings growth for the sector. But the growth in earnings is unlikely to translate into valuation growth as much of the stocks are still trading well above their historical averages.
So in essence, nothing much would happen on the valuation front and the story going forward will be more of earnings catching up with the expensive valuation than anything else. That is the best-case scenario one can hope for IT stocks. To conclude, is it time for time correction for tech stocks? Only time will tell. Watch out for interesting times!
(The author, ArunaGiri N, is Founder CEO & Fund Manager, TrustLine Holdings Pvt Ltd. Views are his own)
(Disclaimer: Recommendations, suggestions, views and opinions given by the experts are their own. These do not represent the views of Economic Times)